Virgilius Cornea, MD
Fritz Lower, MD
The kidneys perform many vital functions, but their role as a filter of plasma, receiving apporximately 25% of the cardiac output, makes them extremely susceptible to diseases. These diseases also called 'medical diseases of the kidney' often can only be diagnosed by renal biopsy, a complicated diagnostic procedure requiring that the pathologist integrate the findings of light microscopy, immunofluorescence, and electron microscopy along with the clinical presentation and laboratory work-up of the patient. Because of the expertise required, the interpretation of renal biopsies of both native kidney and kidney allografts is shared by two experienced pathologists in the Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine.